23-HP and EDS: The Product Case
This entry is the first in our series of four entries on the HP/EDS deal.
Hewlett Packard has proposed a take-over of EDS, in order to improve its services, revenues and profits. EDS is #2 to IBM in the computer services industry. Hewlett Packard is #5. The combined company, at $38 billion in revenues, would have only a 5% share of the market. IBM has $54 billion in services revenues and 7% market share. The reaction in the stock market has been mixed. Hewlett Packard stockholders don’t like it. Its share price fell. The EDS shareholders like it a lot better, as their shares increased in value.
A company undertakes an acquisition to achieve one or more of three objectives: first, acquire a product that it does not have; second, acquire customers that it otherwise could not service; and third, establish a new lower unit cost through the combination of the two companies. We will look at each of these, in turn, in the current HP and EDS deal and then summarize our conclusions in the last entry.
The Product Case
Combining these two companies is an important, but not the final, step toward answering the product needs of HP in the marketplace. The combination of the two product lines is positive since the two current lines are complementary. EDS covers more of the services business than does HP. EDS offers many services, including running mainframe systems, help desks and managing billing and payroll systems. The HP services business is more attuned to supporting its hardware product sales. It is best known for managing infrastructure, such as server systems.
The bad news is that both HP and EDS are losing market share in the computer services industry. The industry is growing at 8-10% a year. Both HP and EDS have slower growth rates. Both companies suffer from some kind of performance problem, i.e., the Functionality, Reliability or Convenience of the product purchase. (See the Perspective “How Customers Buy” in the Tools/Perspectives section of StrategyStreet.) The combined company will have to overcome these market weaknesses to become a star performer.
IBM, the market leader, offers Functionality that the combined company does not offer today. IBM offers a broader array of business consulting skills than either HP or EDS possess. IBM uses these superior consulting skills to create capabilities that are unique in the marketplace. And because these skills are unique, they command a price premium. This price premium explains at least part of the differences in the operating profits of IBM compared to its peers in services.
This combination certainly increases the product portfolio of both companies. In order to round out that portfolio, another acquisition involving a company or companies that have broader business consulting skills is necessary and likely.
In our next blog entry on this merger, we will talk about the combined company’s prospects for customer acquisition.
HP’s attack on IBM by way of acquisition failed to produce a unique product to entice many new customers to HP’s portfolio. It did help the company remain in the game as a significant player.
Born out of HP’s split, HPE focuses on enterprise products and services. Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) was created in 2015 when HP split its operation into two. On one side is HP Inc, the printer and PC arm of the company, while HPE deals with enterprise products and services
As of early 2022, DXC Technology, which contains much of the old EDS, had sales of $4 billion, down 11.6% from the previous quarter. The company was operating at a net loss. At the same time, IBM reported quarterly sales of $16.7 billion, an increase of 6.5%. IBM was profitable.
In 2016, IBM held 7% of the IT services business, excluding consulting and business process outsourcing. Accenture was second with 4% with HPE a close third at 4%. In this fragmented market, the top ten competitors held only 30% of the market.
THE SOURCES FOR STRATEGYSTREET.COM: For over 30 years we observed the evolution of more than 100 industries, many hostile. We put their facts into frameworks applicable to all industries and found patterns. Strategystreet.com describes the inductive results of these thousands of observations and their patterns.