114-New Product in a Fast Growing Industry: Bing
After failing more than once to create an innovative and attractive search product, the persistent Microsoft is back with a new entry called Bing. Let’s use the Customer Buying Hierarchy to evaluate the prospect for the Bing’s success.
The Customer Buying Hierarchy (see “Video 27: Full Description of How the Customer Buying Hierarchy Works” on StrategyStreet.com) holds that customers buy a product using four categories of evaluation: Function, Reliability, Convenience and Price. Function (see “Video 13: Definition of Function” on StrategyStreet.com) refers to the features of the product that affect how it is used. Reliability (see “Video 14: Definition of Reliability” on StrategyStreet.com) refers to the benefits of the product that assure the customer that it works and will continue to work. Convenience (see “Video 15: Definition of Convenience” on StrategyStreet.com) refers to the ease with which the customer may find and purchase the product. Price is the cash cost the customer pays for the product.
We will begin with a look at Function differences. The search industry has two customers: The consumer searcher and the advertiser. This new Microsoft entry is drawing some good reviews for consumers and some wait-and-see opinions from advertisers. Bing offers some new Function innovations that reviewers prefer to Google’s search results. It appears that the consumer will find Bing an improvement on Google. The advertisers, however, are adopting a wait-and-see attitude. Google’s market share, at over 60% of the current search market, is massively larger than is Bing or its Microsoft predecessor. Even Yahoo Search is much larger than is Microsoft in the market. Many of these advertisers plan to wait to see whether Bing will become the new Google.
The Reliability and the Convenience advantages in this market belong solely to Google. The company name has become a verb describing a search. Most people know about the Google product and believe it to be the market leader. A large percentage of desk top and lap top computers have the Google toolbar with its search box resident on their computers. Google is an easy default choice for most searchers.
So, what is the outlook for Bing? The success of Bing largely depends on what Google does to respond to the Function advantages Bing is bringing to the market. This is still a fast-growing market. This works in Bing’s favor. Consumers are likely to be willing to try something new if they think it might help. Switching to Bing from Google or Yahoo offers little difficultly. Microsoft has the cash to put on quite a marketing blitz. All of these Convenience factors work in Bing’s favor. However, Microsoft has to rely on the forbearance of competitors in order to win in this marketplace. It has to maintain its unique Functions in order to best Google in a world Google dominates. (See the Perspective, “When to Compete on Features” on StrategyStreet.com.) If Google copies Bing’s new Functions, Bing will lose its advantage and will not succeed. The Reliability and Convenience advantages that Google enjoys today give it time to copy Bing’s Function advantages without losing much of its current market share.
If Google neutralizes Microsoft’s Function advantages soon, Bing will bring only modest market share changes.
Google’s Reliability and Convenience advantages over its competitors swamps its competitors with Function advantages. This pattern holds in most developed markets. Bing continues to offer a few Function advantages over Google. In fact, a 2021 analysis revealed that several of the small search engines had some unique Function advantages over Google. The broader market seems to be largely oblivious to these Function differences. At the end of 2021, Google owned about 86% of the worldwide search market. Bing controlled 7% and Yahoo held about 3%.
Microsoft was too late to the market. By the time it entered Google had nearly total control over the industry’s Reliability and Convenience advantages. HERE is a video describing what you might expect in a mature market or one dominated by a single competitor.
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